What are the characteristics of the Champagne terroir?

The Champagne terroir gives Champagne wine specific, unique characteristics that cannot be reproduced elsewhere.


Champagne comes under the influence of a dual climate (subject to both oceanic and continental effects).

Soil and subsoil:

The composition of the sub-soil is predominantly limestone which provides good drainage.


The Champagne terroir is sufficiently steep and undulating to combine good drainage with excellent exposure to sunlight.

Cultivation methods:

The three main components of the Champagne terroir – climate, soil and topography – create a specific combination, a mosaic of micro-terroirs with unique characteristics.​